Inclusive Education for Special Child

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Inclusive Education for Children with Special Needs (IE-CwSN)

Inclusive education is as a process of addressing and responding to the diverse needs of all learners by increasing participation in learning and reducing exclusion within and from education. It involves changes and modifications in content, approaches, structures and strategies, with a common vision which covers all children of the appropriate age range and a conviction that it is the responsibility of the regular system to educate all children. The objective of the inclusive education is to support education as a right for all, with special emphasis on removing barriers to participation and learning for disadvantaged groups, girls and women, children with disabilities and out-of-school children.

The National Policy of Education (NPE), 2020 in the section on “Equitable and Inclusive Education: Learning for All” has emphasized the need for removal of disparities and to equalize educational opportunity by attending the specific needs of those who had been denied so far. For achieving this especially in the case of children with disabilities many legislations and schemes have been enacted as mentioned below for the benefit of Children with Special Needs (CwSN). All stakeholders such as School Staff, Parents of CwSN etc. should be aware of these provisions to avail the benefits for CwSN.


In 2018, MHRD (now onwards it’s called Ministry of Education (MoE)), GoI has launched Integrated Scheme on School Education under Samagra Shiksha subsuming the erstwhile schemes of IED-SSA and IEDSS-RMSA. It aims to look at the education of all children including children with Special Needs (CwSN) in a continuum from pre-nursery to Class XII. The scheme covers all CwSN with one or more disabilities as mentioned in the schedule of disabilities of the RPwD Act, 2016 studying in Government, Government-aided and Local body schools and benefit the CwSN by converging with different line Departments like Health Department for Assessment & Surgery, GCERT for Academic support, Social Justice & Empowerment Department for appliances, etc.

Key Objectives of the Scheme for Inclusive Education:

  • To Identify children with disabilities at school level and assess their educational needs.
  • To provide aids and appliances, and assistive devices to CwSN as per requirement.
  • To ensure barrier-free access in schools for CwSN
  • To provide appropriate teaching-learning materials, guidance and counselling services and therapeutic services to CwSN as per their requirement.
  • To sensitize and train general schoolteachers to facilitate, involve and ensure learning of CwSN in the general classroom.
  • To provide additional support to CwSN through Special Educators (SEs).

In the light of the above-mentioned scheme and its objectives, Inclusive Education for Children with Special Needs (IE-CwSN) branch under Samagra Shiksha, Gujarat is aiming to transform all Government Elementary and Secondary Schools into fully evolved Inclusive Schools in a phased manner by creating a barrier-free environment and conducting the following broad set of activities

Samagra Shiksha State Team for IE-CwSN:

Different Types of Disabilities: List of Disabilities as identified under RPwD Act 2016

Physical Disability
  • Locomotor disability

    • i) Leprosy Cured Person
    • ii) Cerebral Palsy
    • iii) Dwarfism
    • iv) Muscular dystrophy
    • v) Acid Attack Victims
  • Visual Impairment:

    • i) Low Vision
    • ii) Totally Blind
  • Hearing Impairment:

    • i) Deaf and Hard of hearing
  • Speech and Language Disability

Intellectual Disability
  • Specific Learning Disabilities
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
Mental Behaviour
  • Mental Illness
Disabilities caused due to
  • Chronic Neurological Conditions

    • i) Multiple Sclerosis
    • ii) Parkinson’s Disease
  • Blood Disorders

    • i) Haemophilia
    • ii) Thalassemia
    • iii) Sickle Cell disease
Multiple Disabilities

For more details regarding the above listed disabilities please refer RPwD Act 2016 under Documents & Reports -> Reports-> Inclusive Education for CwSN

Links to relevant websites